What Are Continents?
Continents are the large land masses that we see on our earth. These lands accommodates people and other living organisms, and are made up of many countries.
What is the largest continent on Earth?
That’s easy: Asia. It’s the biggest in terms of size and population. But what about the other continents like Africa, Antarctica, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America… Below the continents are ranked by area, largest to smallest, and their population estimate is listed as well for each.
#1. Asia: 17,139,445 Square Miles (44,391,162 Square Km)
Being the largest in square miles by a big margin also puts it at an advantage population-wise, having 4,436,224,000 of the world’s population of 7.6 billion (2017 UN estimate).
And these aren’t the only superlatives of this continent. Asia also boasts the highest and lowest points on Earth. Mt. Everest is the highest point, at 29,035 feet above sea level. The lowest point is the Dead Sea, which is more than 1,400 feet below sea level.
#2. Africa: 11,677,239 Square Miles (30,244,049 Square Km)
Africa is number two on both lists, population, and size. Its population is estimated at 1,216,130,000; Africa and Asia are forecast to be the highest areas of world population growth in the coming decades as well.
Africa is home to the longest river in the world, the Nile. It stretches 4,258 miles from Sudan to the Mediterranean Sea.
#3. North America: 9,361,791 Square Miles (24,247,039 Square Km)
North America is where the two lists diverge in their rankings because this continent’s population is not growing as fast as Asia’s. In area, North America is third, but population-wise, it’s fourth on the list, with 579,024,000 people.
North America boasts the largest freshwater lake in the world, Lake Superior. One of the Great Lakes, Superior covers more than 31,700 square miles between the United States and Canada.
#4. South America: 6,880,706 Square Miles (17,821,029 Square Km)
The fourth largest continent, South America, is fifth on the world population list, with 422,535,000 people living there. Of the United Nations’ most populous cities list of the world, São Paulo, Brazil, ranks number five.
South America has the longest mountain range in the world. The Andes Mountains stretch 4,300 miles from Venezuela south to Chile.
#5. Antarctica: About 5,500,000 Square Miles (14,245,000 Square Km)
No one has to guess very hard what is the least populous continent, as there are no permanent residents in Antarctica. Up to 4,000 researchers and personnel live there in the summer and 1,000 in the winter.
The amount of ice cover in Antarctica affects the exchange of heat, moisture, and gases between the ocean and the atmosphere. Changes in the ice, in turn, affect global weather patterns—and by extension over time, climate.
#6. Europe: 3,997,929 Square Miles (10,354,636 Square Km)
Europe comes in at number three on population rankings, with an estimate of 738,849,00 people. The United Nations Population Division expects its population to decline over the coming decades due to a low fertility rate.
Europe lays claim to the largest and smallest nations in the world. Russia is the biggest at 6.6 million square miles, while Vatican City is the smallest at 109 acres.
#7. Australia: 2,967,909 Square Miles (7,686,884 Square Km)
It might be the smallest continent, but Australia is the sixth largest nation in the world. Only about 10 percent of it is habitable, with the majority of the population, at 24,127,160 clustering in the urban areas on the coasts.
Australia is about the size of the contiguous 48 states of America.
After reading this article i am sure you now have more understanding about the continents, largest continents and the smallest continents in the world…